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Intervention Strategies: Fluency
 
 

When the fluency problem is:

 

labored decoding and word recognition

poor phrasing, omissions, repetitions, substitutions, monotone, ignoring punctuation, inadequate rate

lack of comprehension or excessive rate of reading

Strategies

  • deal with phonics/decoding errors (see phonics strategies)
  • echo reading to pattern for student
  • choral reading to model and reread familiar text
  • practice sight words and phrases
  • tape-assisted reading
  • repeated reading of independent level books

Strategies

  • model appropriate rate and expression
  • choral reading
  • cued phrases
  • repeated reading
  • paired reading with adult or more skilled partner
  • timed reading
  • reader’s theater
  • tape-assisted reading

Strategies

  • reader’s theater
  • poetry performance
  • paired reading
  • cued phrases emphasizing the meaning of the phrases
  • retelling
  • questioning
  • model adjusting reading rate for different text
  • tape-assisted reading

Resources

  • Great Leaps
  • Read Naturally
  • Quick Reads
  • High frequency words lists

Resources

  • Great Leaps
  • Read Naturally
  • Quick Reads
  • Harcourt Intervention fluency builder

Resources

  • Great Leaps
  • Read Naturally
  • Quick Reads
  • Harcourt Intervention fluency builder

 

Developed collaboratively by the Reading and Language Arts Department, Exceptional Student Education, School Psychological Services, and the ESOL Department, Volusia County Schools, Florida. January, 2005

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